Communications sollicitées 2010

What Is Next for NAFTA: Unresolved Issues

The original NAFTA agreement is now fully implemented. However, a number of issues remain that require special attention if the free trade objectives of NAFTA are to be realized. The purpose of this organized symposium is to provide a three-country perspective on three key issues: 1) bioenergy and climate change policy; 2) sanitary and phytosanitary issues; and 3) NAFTA's structural issues. Each of the issues will be introduced by an economist from Canada, Mexico, or the United States. Following this introduction, reactions will be given by an economist from each of the other countries.

Organizer: Ronald Knutson, Texas A&M University; Karl Meilke, University of Guelph

Moderator: Ronald Knutson, Texas A&M University

Discussant: Pablo Sherwell, SAGARPA; Glenn Fox, University of Guelph; Mechel Paggi, California State University, Fresno; Ronald Knutson, Texas A&M University; Karl Meilke, University of Guelph

Presentations:

  • An Overview of U.S. Bioenergy and Climate Change Policy - Joe Outlaw, Texas A&M University
  • An Overview of the Remaining Sanitary and Phytosanitary Issues - Jared Carlberg, University of Manitoba
  • Resolving NAFTA's Structural Issues - Steven Zahniser, USDA-Economic Research Service

Farm-level Models for Policy Development

Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada (AAFC) recognizes the importance of monitoring and assessing its current programs and policies, to ensure that these contribute overall objectives of Canada's agriculture policy framework (Growing Forward), and identifying emerging trends, to help design new policies and programs. This session will highlight some of the economic tools and methods used by both AAFC and academics to construct a more complete picture of the Canadian Agriculture sector and contribute to agricultural policy development in Canada, including econometric modeling, micro-simulation, and agent-based modeling techniques.

Organizer: Nathan Niu, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada

Moderator: David Culver, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada

Discussant: Bruno Larue, Université Laval; Richard Schoney, University of Saskatchewan

Presentations:

  • The Influence of Urban Proximity On Capital Investment Decisions On Farms in Canada - Arden Esqueda, Forecasting and Program Analysis
  • Identifying the Weak Links in a Modern Supply Chain: An Agent-Based Simulation Model of the Western Canadian Grain Handling System - Russell Lawrence and James Nolan, University of Saskatchewan
  • The Canadian Agriculture Dynamic Micro-Simulation Model (CADMS) - Nathan Niu, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada; Adam Arsenault,Forecasting and Program Analysis

Current Issues in Canadian Agri-food Trade, Sponsored by CATPRN

For Canadian agriculture and agri-food industries that are not closely integrated with global markets, specifically supply managed industries, new multilateral and bilateral trade agreements could have significant effects on the distribution of welfare throughout the supply chains. This symposium will showcase the contributions of the Canadian Agricultural Trade Policy and Competitiveness Research Network (CATPRN) in examining these issues of market integration and access and provide a forum to discuss some of the international trade- related issues facing the Canadian agriculture and agri-food sector. Four papers, each based on projects that have received funding from the CATPRN, will be presented and discussed.

Organizer: Ryan Cardwell, University of Manitoba

Moderator: Ryan Cardwell, University of Manitoba

Presentations:

  • Detecting mCOOL Impacts on U.S.-Canada Bilateral Hog Trade Flows - James Rude, University of Alberta; Jean-Philippe Gervais, North Carolina State University
  • Canada-EU Free Trade Agreement: Will Agriculture Be an Issue? - William A. Kerr, University of Saskatchewan; Crina Viju, Carleton University
  • Trade Liberalization and Canada's Chicken Industry: Welfare Effects under Alternative Modeling Strategies - Juanita Rafajlovic, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada; Ryan Cardwell, University of Manitoba
  • The Korea-Canada FTA: Conflict over Beef – Richard Barichello, University of British Columbia

Market Power and Vertical Coordination Issues in Canadian Meat Sectors

The past decade has seen important structural changes in the Canadian meat sector as a response to long term trends, like the concentration of market power, increased food and feed prices, and trade liberalization, but also in reaction to more recent external shocks, such as diseases, bacterial contaminations, and labor conflicts. This session will examine varying aspects of the meat sector, assessing the economic impacts of important changes and shocks on producers and processors, how they have translated into changes in the sector, and proposing new solutions. The discussion will elaborate on these issues and explore the broader policy implications.

Organizer: Bruno Larue, Université Laval

Moderator: Bruno Larue, Université Laval

Presentations:

  • Market Power and Instability in the Canadian Livestock Industry - J Stephen Clark, Nova Scotia Agricultural College
  • The Economics of Hog Marketing Reforms in Quebec - Jean-Philippe Gervais, North Carolina State University; Remy Lambert, Université Laval
  • Vertical Coordination and Trade Liberalization in Canada's Poultry's Industry - Sebastien Pouliot, Iowa State University; Bruno Larue, Université Laval
  • The Economics of Livestock Disease: Supply Chain Competitiveness and Policy Implications - Jill Hobbs, University of Saskatchewan

Long-term Agricultural Structural Change in the United States, Canada, and Brazil

This session will compare and contrast the structural changes of the agriculture sector of three major producing nations, Canada, Brazil, and the United States. Changes in the agricultural structure in these countries have had implications for agricultural trade, farm income, farm safety nets, and environmental policies. The three papers presentations will evaluate the impacts of structural change, making use of recently released data from these countries, and a subsequent discussion will consider the various drivers of structural change in each country and examine how they will contribute to meeting world demand and reducing hunger.

Organizer: David Culver, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada; Mary Ahearn, USDA-Economic Research Service

Moderator: Mary Ahearn, USDA-Economic Research Service

Discussant: Krijn Poppe, Wageningen University

Presentations:

  • Past Trends and Drivers of Structural Changes in U.S. Agriculture - Erik O'Donoghue and Robert Hoppe, USDA-Economic Research Service
  • Structural Change in Canadian Agriculture and the Impacts on Canadian Farm Income and Farm Households - David Culver and Cally Dhaliwal, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada
  • Brazilian Agriculture: A Changing Structure - Flavio Bolliger and Octavio Costa de Oliveira, Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics