Special Issues

Upcoming Special Issues

2019 Special Issue: The Economics of Agriculture and Agri-Food Trade Disputes

Sebastien Pouliot, Iowa State University
Kathy Baylis, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Motivation: Trade for agricultural and agri-food products has grown dramatically thanks to the large number of trade agreements signed in the last 25 years. Trade agreements govern conditions for the commerce of goods and services and establish institutions and mechanisms for the resolution of trade disputes. Economics plays an increasing role in dispute settlements by showing the existence of harm from a measure or in calculating nullification and impairment when there is no resolution to a dispute. This special issue invited submissions about the economics of trade disputes for agricultural and agri-food products, including submissions in the following areas:

  • Methods to estimate the effects of trade measures;
  • Measurement of tariff-equivalent of non-tariff trade barriers;
  • Mechanisms for the enforcement of trade policies;
  • Consequences on supply chains of trade agreements and trade disputes;
  • Trade effects of agricultural policies;
  • Effect of agricultural trade and trade disputes on natural resource use;
  • Economic analysis of ongoing or past trade conflicts.

The Special Issue will apprear online in November 2019.

2018 Special Issue: Food Consumption and Marketing in Canada, the US and China: An Intertwined System

Wuyang Hu, Ohio State University
Sven Ander, University of Alberta

Motivation: Canada’s two largest trade partner countries, the United States and China, account for well over 70% of Canada’s total trade value in both exports and imports. Given the recent significant economic, social and political changes taking place in these countries, it is important to understand the implications of these changes to the agriculture and food sector in Canada. A special issue of the Canadian Journal of Agricultural Economics in 2018 will be dedicated to topics related to food consumption, consumer behaviour, and food marketing.

Topics areas sought were consumer behaviour and purchasing of imported food, roles of social media and network effect in food marketing, certification and monitoring system in facilitating food quality and safety outcomes, as well as e-commerce and big data enabled new food marketing venues.

The Special Issue will apprear online in November 2018.

2017 Special Issue: Canadian Agricultural Policy in the Twenty-First Century: Looking Back and Going Forward

B. James Deaton, University of Guelph
Peter Boxall, University of Alberta

Motivation: This issue will examine Canadian agricultural policy – government action (or forbearance) that guides present and future conditions in the Canadian food and agricultural sector.

Articles primarily focused on policy reform, suggested policy/program approaches, or eradication of existing policies were solicited and should (1) develop a substantive description of the historical and/or institutional context surrounding a particular policy and its implementation; (2) examine the intended aim of a particular policy, its outcome, and any unintended consequences; and (3) evaluate a policy within an economic framework and, when possible, will employ quantitative analysis.

Articles relevant to all levels of government policy (federal, provincial, municipal, etc.), and international trade, as well as articles that have applicability across Canada and hold significance for the current and emerging Canadian food and agricultural sector were sought in particular.

2016 Special Issue: Applications of Behavioural and Experimental Economics to Decision-Making in the Agricultural, Food and Resource Sectors

Jill E. Hobbs, University of Saskatchewan
Siân Mooney, Arizona State University

Motivation: Tools and insights from behavioural and experimental economics are increasingly important to problems faced by the agricultural, food and resource management sectors. The 2016 special issue of the Canadian Journal of Agricultural Economics (CJAE) will be dedicated to showcasing advances in and applications of behavioural and experimental economics as they apply to the agricultural, food and resource sectors. Topic areas include:

  • Food consumption decisions and health
  • The influence of social media/social networks
  • Attitudes toward the environment and the management of natural resources
  • Decision-making at the firm (including farm) level
  • Risk aversion and decision-making
  • Applications to innovation, science and technology

Past Special Issues

2015 Special Issue: Food Marketing, Information, and Labelling

A special issue devoted to food marketing, information and labelling was published in the 2015 special issue. Information and labelling are crucial components of food marketing and are areas generating sustained interest in academic research, policy discussion, and popular press. The special issue was dedicated to the topics related to: consumer preferences, ethics, food industry behaviour, nutrition merchandizing, regional and national differences, regulatory issues and social media/network effect.

2014 Special Issue: The Past, Present and Future of Government Regulation of Agriculture and Food: Is There a New Economics of Food?

A special issue devoted to Government Regulation of Agriculture and Food was published in the December 2014 issue. The purpose of this special issue was to assess the future of the role of government in regulating national food and agricultural systems. Changes to the Canadian Wheat Board, ongoing efforts to restructure the Common Agricultural Policy, the declining influence of state trading enterprises as agricultural trade liberalization has proceeded and the divergent policy directions of countries like New Zealand and Australia, compared to Canada and the United States, are indications of a dynamic relationship between governments and the agricultural industries that operate within their borders. Even the regulation of product standards through government commodity grading systems is being overtaken by the private standards set by retailers. The special issue provided a forum for rigorous innovative analysis of the role of government in the agriculture and food system. Published topics included: an analysis of price incentives and disincentives for rice and cotton in selected African countries; the regulation of genetically engineered crops in India and the implications of policy uncertainty for social welfare, competition, and innovation; limitations on the market power generated by the single desk of the Canadian Wheat Board; Revealed Comparative Advantage and Half-a-Century Competitiveness of Canadian agriculture shown through a case study of wheat, beef, and pork sectors; effectiveness of China's organic food certification policy with respect to consumer preferences for infant milk formula with different organic certification labels; regulatory frameworks for functional food and supplements; farm support payments and risk balancing and their implications for financial riskiness of Canadian farms; and The impacts of the Canadian Wheat Board ruling on North American malt barley markets.

2013 Special Issue: Applied Economic Analysis of Marine Resource Management Issues in the 21st Century

A special issue devoted to marine resource management was published in the June 2013 Special Issue. This special issue showcased new issues in marine resources economics and management that will likely dominate policy debates for the rest of the 21st century. Economic activities conducted in the oceans merit special attention, in part because of common property management issues. Until recently, oceans and coastal areas were considered by many to be "final frontiers". However, these frontiers have rapidly changed, and in some cases deteriorated, due in part to the growing number of competing uses of ocean services. This deterioration has been exacerbated by the often slow institutional development that could reinforce and coordinate individual and collective property rights. This has led to an intensification of uses of the oceans and coastal zones, not only for food production, but also as a sink for wastes and as a source of other environmental services. There has also been rapid development of theoretical tools and data sources that allow natural scientists and economists to analyze problems and to propose policy and management solutions. Co-Editors: Jean Boncoeur (Université de Bretagne Occidentale, Brest, France); Ralph Townsend (Winona State University) and James Wilson, (Université du Québec, Rimouski).

2012 Special Issue: Forest Economics and Management

A special issue devoted to forest economics and management was published in the June 2012 Special Issue. The complexity of forest ecosystems, its many values and the large variety of forest activities pose challenges for establishing sound forest policy. Forest ecosystems are among the most important in the world, both from an economic development and environmental perspective. Forest products are important to the everyday well being of people in developing and developed countries. For example, timber products are used as fuels and in the chemical, paper and construction industries, while non-timber products include various plants and animals that are used for food, medicinal and other purposes. In this regard, forests are part of the broader agricultural system and are intimately connected to agriculture in many places. Forests also constitute a major carbon sink for mitigating climate change, provide habitat for wildlife, store and regulate water flows, absorb and neutralize waste from human activities, and provide recreational, cultural and other values. It is possible that the non-market, non-timber values of forest ecosystems exceed their commercial value, but the two types of values need not be in conflict. Forests are also affected by random natural events, such as wildfire or disease and pests, whose functions are not well understood. This reality generates serious challenges for sound management and economic analysis. Finally, forests provide employment and economic wealth/surplus that can drive economic development. Editors: Brad Stennes, Sen Wang (Canadian Forest Service), G. Cornelis van Kooten (University of Victoria).

2011 Special Issue: Wetlands Management, Economics and Policy

A special issue devoted to wetlands management, economics and policy, resulting from the on the "Wetlands Management, Economics and Policy" workshop held jointly by the University of Victoria and the University of Alberta from January 13-15, 2010 in Victoria, British Columbia. The complexity of wetland ecosystems poses challenges for management, valuation and the establishment of sound policy to conserve them. In recognition of these challenges and the important but often neglected role of wetlands in society, selected papers from the workshop will be published in a special issue of the Canadian Journal of Agricultural Economics. Editors: G. Cornelis van Kooten (University of Victoria) and Peter Boxall (University of Alberta)

2010 Special Issue: Water in the 21st Century

A special issue relating to economic methods, models, applications and institutions relevant to water issues in different jurisdictions and watersheds was published in the December 2010 Special Issue. Editors: Terry Veeman (retired, University of Alberta), Mark Eiswerth (University of Wisconsin, Whitewater), G. Cornelis van Kooten (University of Victoria), Elwin Smith (Agriculture & Agri-Food Canada, Lethbridge)

2009 Special Issue: Computational Economics: Applications in Agriculture, Bio-resources and the Environment

A special issue on the applications of modern computational economics to the environment and the agricultural and forestry sectors, and more broadly, natural resources, was published in the December 2009 Special Issue. Editors: James Nolan (University of Saskatchewan), Dawn Parker (George Mason University) and Richard Schoney (University of Saskatchewan).

2008 Special Issue: Agricultural Policy Changes: Canada, EU and the World Trade Organization

A special issue on the WTO and Agricultural Policy Changes in Canada and the EU was published in the December 2008 Special Issue. Papers were selected from the conference "Agricultural Policy Changes: Canada, EU and the World Trade Organization" held at the University of Victoria, Victoria, British Columbia. Editors: Paul Schure (University of Victoria) and Andrew Schmitz (University of Florida).

2007 Special Issue: Crises in Agricultural and Resource Sectors Workshop: Analysis of Policy Responses

A special issue on policy responses to agricultural and resource crises was published in the December 2007 Special Issue. Papers were selected from the joint conference of the Canadian Agricultural Economics Association (CAES), Farm Level Policy (FLP) Network and Canadian Agricultural Trade Policy Research Network (CATPRN) held in October 2006 in Calgary, Alberta. Editors: Vic Adamowicz (University of Alberta), Kathy Baylis (University of British Columbia), and Jim Unterschultz (University of Alberta).